Art & Culture
History of Iran
The Siege of Herat 1837-1838
By: John Carl Nelson, 1976
Appendix: Persons Mentioned in the Text
Abbas Mirza 1789-1833.
Son of Fath Ali Shah, Father of Mohammed Shah. Crown Prince of Persia 1799-1833.
Shah Abbas Safavi 1557-1628.
Ruler of Persia 1587-1628. Generally considered the greatest ruler of the Safavi Dynasty.
Aga Mohammed Kahn Kajar 1742-1797.
Founder of the Kajar empire in Persia. Ruler of Persia 1787-97.
Ahmad Shah Durrani 1723-1773.
Founder of the Afghan empire. Ruler of Afghanistan 1747-73.
= Mohammed Akbar Khan.
Aktur Khan Alizai.
Leader of a rebellion of Durrani tribesmen against Shah Shuja 1840-42.
Lord Auckland (George Eden) 1784-1849.
British Politician. Governor-General of India 1836-42.
Lord Bentinck (William Cavendish) 1774-1839.
British Politician. Governor-General of India 1828-35.
Berovski. Polish (?).
Soldier of fortune serving in the Persian army at the siege of Herat.
Alexander Burnes d. 1841.
British Political officer. Key figure in negotiations at Kabul 1837-38.
Dost Mohammed Khan Mohammedzai 1788-1863.
Son of Painda Khan. Ruler of Kabul 1826-39, 1842-63.
Fateh Khan Mohammedzai d. 1818.
First son of Painda Khan. Chief of the Barakzais. Principal supporter and Vizier of Shah Mahmud until 1818.
Fath Ali Shah Kajar 1771-1834.
Nephew of Aga Mohammed Khan. Ruler of Persia 1797-1834.
Ruler of Herat 1800-16.
Haji Mirza Aghasi b. 1783.
Vizier of Persia 1835-48.
Shah Ismail Safavi.
Founder of the Safavi empire in Persia. Ruler of Persia 1500-28.
Kamran Sadozai d. 1842.
Son of Shah Mahud. Ruler of Herat 1829-37.
Karim Khan Zand 1705-1779.
Ruler of western Persia 1757-79.
Leader of a Kazakh revolt against Russia 1837-47.
Kohendil Khan Mohaamedzai d. 1855.
Son of Painda Khan. Ruler of Kandahar 1829-39, 1842-55.
William Macnaghten 1793-1841.
Secretary in charge of Indian Secret and Political departments 1833-39. Senior British representative in Afghanistan 1839-41.
Sir John McNeill 1795-1883.
British Minister to Persia 1836-42.
Shah Mahmud Sadozai d. 1829.
Son of Timur Shah. Ruler of Kabul 1800-03, 1809-18, and Herat 1819-29.
Sultan Mahmud II Osmanli 1784-1839.
Ruler of the Ottoman empire 1808-39.
Mohammed Akbar Khan.
Son of Dost Mohammed. Led revolt against the British 1842.
Mohammed Ali 1769-1849.
Ruler of Egypt 1805-49.
= Mohammed Shah Kajar.
Mohammed Shah Kajar 1807-1848.
Son of Abbas Mirza. Ruler of Persia 1834-48. Besieger of Herat 1837-38.
= Nadir Shah
Nadir Shah 1688-1747.
Ruler of Persia 1732-47.
Nicholas I Romanov 1796-1855.
Tsar of Russia 1825-55.
Painda Khan Mohaamedzai.
Head of the Barakzais c 1790.
Palmerston (Henry John Temple) 1784-1865.
British Statesman. Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1830-34, 1835-41, 1846-51. Prime Minister 1855-58, 1859-62.
Russian commander at Orenburg. Head of the Khiva expedition of 1839.
Eldred Pottinger 1811-43.
British Political officer. Defender of Herat 1837-38.
Ranjut Singh 1780-1839.
Founder and ruler of the Sikh state in the Pun jab 1801-39.
French soldier of fortune in the Persian army at Herat.
Leader of the Murid revolt against Russia in the Caucasus 1834-59.
Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk Sadozai.
Son of Timur Shah. Ruler of Kabul 1803-09. Repeatedly attempted to recover his throne, lastly with British support 1839-41.
Count Ivan Simonich.
Russian Minister to Persia 1835-38.
Lt. Colonel Charles Stoddart 1806-42.
British Political officer with Persian army at Herat and later envoy to Herat.
D’Arcy Todd 1808-45.
British Political officer. Envoy to Herat 1839-41.
Russian agent in Afghanistan. Vied with Burnes for friendship of Dost Mohammed 1838.
Yar Mohammed Kahn Alikuzai.
Vizier of Herat 1830-37. Ruler of Herat 1837-52. Defender of Herat during the siege.
Zaman Shah Sadozai.
Son of Timur Shah. Ruler of Afghanistan 1793-1800.
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