Iranian Cinema & Performance Art

Massoud Kimiaei
Film Director, Producer, Screen-writer and Editor

Massoud Kimiaei
Massoud Kimiaei was born in Tehran in 1941. He became well known when in 1969 directed his second film, Qeysar, which was considered a turning point in the Iranian cinema, he depicted the ethics and morals of the romanticised poor working class of the Ganj-e-Qarun genre through his main protagonist, the titular Qeysar. But Kimiaei's film generated another genre in Iranian popular cinema: the tragic action drama.

Without any academic training in cinema or theater, and with only a few years of experience as assistant director, Kimiaei became a historical figure in the Iranian cinema. He learned film making from the movies, and of his early days of contact with the cinema. He recalls how he used to spend hours outside the movie theaters of Tehran, listening to the sound track of the films blaring from the defective loudspeakers fixed outside the cinema, and trying to visualize the action with the help of oral synopsis furnished by friends who had seen the movie.

His other lively memory from his childhood is the scene of battle between Rostam and Ashkbous (heroes of Ferdowsi's Book of Kings) painted on the back of the cart in which his father carried flour for bakeries. When the cart was in motion, the combatants seemed animated to the young Massoud who habitually walked behind the cart and tried to guess the end of the battle.

Kimiaei had difficult childhood. He was restless and often got into fights which at times ended in the police station.

Then came the period when Kimiaei directed his energies to the books. He read voraciously, specially books on cinema. That was followed by frequent visits to film studios in search of a job, until he met film director Samuel Khachikian, from whom he learned the first lessons in the techniques of film making, and began his film career in 1965 as Khachikian's assistant. But he was too young to be allowed independent work, and for some time he had to be content with preparing publicity materials for American films.

When he first proposed a screenplay on which to make a film, the head of studio wouldn't believe Kimiaei could make a film until the ambitious young man made a one minute scene form his screenplay and that convinced the studio bosses that he could make professionally acceptable films.

Kimiaei's works:
  1. Biganeh Biya (Come Stranger) - 1968
  2. Qeysar - 1969
  3. Reza Motori - 1970
  4. Dash Akol - 1971
  5. Baluch - 1972
  6. Khaak (The Soil) - 1973
  7. Gavaznha (Deer) - 1975
  8. Ghazal - 1976
  9. Safar-e Sang (Journey of the Stone) - 1978
  10. Khat-e Ghermez (Red Line) Censored - 1982
  11. Tigh-o Abrisham (The Blade & The Silk) - 1986
  12. Sorb (The Lead) - 1988
  13. Dandan-e Maar (Snake Fang) - 1990
  14. Goroohban (The Sergeant) - 1990
  15. Rad-e Paye Gorg (The Wolf's Trail) - 1992
  16. Tejarat (The Commerce) - 1993
  17. Ziyafat (The Party) - 1995
  18. Soltan- 1996
  19. Mercedes - 1998
  20. Faryaad (The Cry) - 1999
  21. Eteraz (Protest) - 2000
  22. Sarbazan-e Jomeh (Friday's Soldiers) - 2003