Persian Language & Literature

Shahnameh (The Epic of Kings)
By: Hakim Abol Qasem Ferdowsi Tousi
Translated by: Helen Zimmern


01- The Shah of Old
Kaiumers first sat upon the throne of Persia, and was master of the world. He took up his ...

02- Feridoun
Five hundred years did Feridoun rule the world, and might and virtue increased in the land ...

03- Zal
Seistan, which is to the south of Iran, was ruled by Sam, the Pehliva, girt with might and glory, and, but for the grief that he was childless, his days were ...

04- Zal and Rodabeh
When Rodabeh had listened to these words her heart burned with love for Zal, so that she could neither eat nor rest, and ...

05- Rostam
And when Rodabeh beheld the babe, she smiled and said: Verily he shall be called Rostam ...

06- The March into the Mazanderan
Kai Kaous seated him on the crystal throne, and the world was obedient to his will. But Ahriman was ...

07- Kai Kawous Committeth More Follies
Whilom the fancy seized upon the Shah of Iran that he would visit his empire, and look face to ...

08- Rostam and Sohrab
Give ear unto the combat of Sohrab against Rostam, though it be a tale replete with tears.

09- Saiawosh
Now after many days there was born to her a son; he was of goodly mien, tall and strong, and the name that was given to him was Saiawosh. And Kai Kawous ...

10- The Return of Kai Khosrow
In a little time it came about that there was born unto Ferangis, in the house of Piran, a son of the race of Saiawush. And Piran ...

11- Firoud
But a little while had Kai Khosrow sat upon the throne of Iran, yet the world resounded with his fame, and all men ...

12- The Vengeance of Kai Khosrow
Dire was the wailing among the army of Iran at their sore defeat, and they ...

13- Bijan and Manijeh
Peace reigned again within the borders of Iran, and the sword slept in its scabbard, and Kai Khosrow ordered ...

14- The Defeat of Afrasiyab
Mourning and sorrow filled the heart of Afrasiyab because of his defeat, and he pondered in his ...

15- The Passing of Kai Khosrau
Now it came to pass as Kai Khosrow foretold. For Afrasiyab, when he learned the death of ...

16- Isfendiyar
Lohrasp reigned in wisdom upon the crystal throne, and Iran was as wax ...

17- Rustem and Isfendiyar
When a little while had been passed in feasting, Isfendiyar came before Goshtasp, his father, and demanded the fulfilment of ...

18- The Death of Rostam
How shall a man escape from that which is written; How shall he flee from his destiny?

By : Hakim Abol Qasem Ferdowsi Tousi


Story of Ferdowsi and Shahnameh (The Epic of Kings)