Iranian National -Royal- Jewels
The Naderi Throne
There are three thrones located in Tehran. The Sun Throne (also known as the Peacock Throne) and the Marble Throne both consist of a large, raised platform upon which the King would kneel.
The third throne, pictured here, is known as the Naderi throne. Chair-like thrones like this were used in ancient Iran by Achaemenid dynasty in the 5th century BC, as well as the 17th century Safavid dynasty.
Historians believe that Nader Shah, upon returning from his campaigns in India in 1739, brought nine jewelled thrones in addition to the Mughol Peacock Throne to Iran. It is further reported by Malcom (History of Persia, vol. II, p.37) that Nader Shah was so fond of the famous Peacock Throne that he had an exact duplicate made, using other gems from the treasury. However, today there is no trace of any of these thrones, and historians unanimously agree that they were destroyed after the death of Nader Shah in 1747.
The Naderi throne seen above can be taken apart into 12 separate sections. It was intended to be portable, to be carried along when the King moved to his summer residences.
The throne is constructed of wood, covered with gold, and encrusted with jewels. The history of this throne is not well known. Even its name is confusing. This particular throne has verses written on it which attribute it to Fathali Shah. Diaries written by travellers who visited Fathali Shah's court at the time also mention a throne such as this one, though the throne may have been refurbished by Nasseridin Shah. So why is it called the Naderi throne if it is not related to Nader Shah? The answer is the the term "Nader" also means "rare" or "unique" in the Persian language. Thus, this isn't Nader's Throne, rather the name refers to the fact that the throne is unique or rare.
The height of the throne is approximately 225 cm. Among the 26,733 jewels covering the throne, there are four very large spinels on the backrest, the largest of which is 65 cts.; there are also four very large emeralds on the backrest too, the largest of which is approximately 225 cts. The largest ruby on the throne is 35 cts.
The designs which can be seen on the throne include a peacock tail on the backrest, ducks, dragons, leaves and tree branches. A rather tame-looking lion rests on the front panel of the footstool.
The "Iranian Yellows"
These African diamonds were acquired by Nasseridin Shah on his third trip to Europe in 1889, and are collectively known as the "Iranian Yellows."
There are a number of collections of large diamonds on display in the treasury, however due to security concerns, the largest of the diamonds in the collection are not pictured here.
The largest diamond shown here is 135 cts., while the largest loose diamond in this particular collection is 152 cts. Three other diamonds shown here are 120 cts. each.
A list of 23 diamonds known as the Iranians, the stones are numbered in order of largest to smallest.
The list reads as follows:
01 - 152.16 carats; rectangular old brilliant; silver cape
02 - 135.45 carats; high cushion brilliant; cape
03 - 123.93 carats; high cushion brilliant; silver cape
04 - 121.90 carats; multi-faceted octahedron; cape
05 - 114.28 carats; high cushion brilliant; silver cape
06 - 86.61 carats; rounded triangular brilliant; cape
07 - 86.28 carats; irregular Mogul cut; silver cape
08 - 78.96 carats; high cushion brilliant; cape
10 - 75.00 carats; pendeloque brilliant; silver cape
11 - 75.00 carats; pendeloque brilliant; silver cape
12 - 72.84 carats; irregular pear shape; champagne
13 - 65.65 carats; rectangular brilliant, cape
14 - 60.00 carats; cushion brilliant; yellow
15 - 57.85 carats; round brilliant; silver cape
16 - 57.15 carats; cushion brilliant; silver cape
17 - 56.19 carats; cushion brilliant; silver cape
18 - 66.57 carats; cushion brilliant; silver cape
19 - 54.58 carats; irregular oval Mogul cut; colorless
20 - 54.35 carats; high cushion brilliant; peach
21 - 53.50 carats; high cushion brilliant; silver cape
22 - 51.90 carats; elliptical Mogul cut; colorless
23 - 38.18 carats; multi-faceted trapezoid cut; colorless